Cleveland Juvenile Criminal Lawyer
Ohio Juvenile Criminal Laws
Several members of our team are former prosecutors-and we have children ourselves. If our children ever faced charges in juvenile court, we would absolutely hire a lawyer to defend our children. Juvenile charges can change your child's life. Often, these charges are brought by inexperienced prosecutors who are just being taught, for the first time, how to prosecute cases. That's right. In the vast majority of cases, your child has been charged by a prosecutor who has virtually no experience in the criminal justice system. What does this mean? It means that you need to fight, and fight aggressively, to protect your child's freedom and their future.
While some of these cases are sealed when they turn 21, there are two things to consider:
- Most will be doing something before they turn 21 be it college, trade school, etc.
- Many of these cases are not sealed once the child turns 21
Ask to speak to us about the specifics of your child's situation. The call is confidential and has no obligation. If I agree to take your case on my team of former prosecutors and I will go to work fighting for you right away.
We can help. Call our Cleveland juvenile criminal lawyers at (440) 709-8088.
How Are Juvenile Crimes Different?
- The juvenile justice system is one of the most complicated, misunderstood systems around. Juveniles are not given the same rights as adults, so the risk is greater.
- As an example of juveniles not having the same right, we look at the fact that juveniles do not have an automatic right to a trial by jury. This means that almost all cases have to be tried to a single judge.
- Also, in juvenile cases there is no right to a bond or bail. A juvenile is either held in the detention center while their case is pending, released on home detention, or released to their parents. This, coupled with the fact that there is no right to a speedy trial for a juvenile, could mean that the child could sit in detention for years before their case is even heard in the courtroom.
- Juvenile sentencing for crimes is different as well. If a juvenile is convicted of a felony and shipped to prison, they can stay for anywhere from 6 months until they turn 21, it is up to the department of corrections. In other words, a juvenile could receive a sentence resulting in five plus years in prison where an adult would at most serve 1 year. These are reasons why an attorney is needed.
As former prosecutors, we can tell you just how important it is to find a respectable, honest Cleveland defense lawyer to represent your child if they have been charged with any crime. Juveniles are treated differently, by law, than adults-and it can often lead to some quite shocking results. These are significant rights adults enjoy that juveniles do not-another reason why an experienced attorney is required.
Juvenile DUI in Ohio: Why Was My Child Charged with DUI?
In Ohio, there are numerous different charges relating to driving while under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. One such charge for adults is taking a breath test and having a result of 0.08 or over. This is what is referred to as a per se limit. However, for someone who is underage (meaning they are under the legal drinking age of 21), the per se limit is much lower. Someone who is under the age of 21 can be charged with a criminal offense if they take a breath test and have a result of 0.02 or higher. So, your child may be charged with a DUI for having a breath test result over the per se limit-even if their result was under 0.08. The penalties for an underage DUI can be severe, but an experienced DUI defense attorney can help you fight them.
Will My Child Be Prosecuted as an Adult in Ohio?
When a child commits a crime in most cases, he/she will be tried in juvenile court. Punishment often involves rehabilitation and mandatory provisions to put the child back on the right path in life in order to avoid becoming a seasoned criminal by adulthood.
However, there are some instances where a minor can face criminal charges as an adult in Ohio. According to state law, if a minor has fulfilled a certain criterion, then juvenile courts can send the case to state court.
For example, if the child is accused of aggravated murder and he or she is 16 or 17 years of age or 14 or 15 years of age and has been committed to an Ohio Department of Youth Services facility, he or she will be tried as an adult. Likewise, whenever a child is 16 or 17 years of age and commits a serious felony offense, he or she will be tried in adult court.
What Qualifies a Juvenile Case for Adult Court in Ohio?
In order to qualify for adult court, the minor must’ve been at least 14 years of age when the alleged crime was committed. Law enforcement must also establish probable cause to believe that the child committed a crime.
In addition to those two requirements, if both of the following statements are true, then the minor will be tried as an adult:
- The child will not benefit from rehabilitation or treatment in a delinquent facility.
- The child must be legally restrained for the sake of the community’s safety.
The courts need to investigate the matter to perform a discretionary transfer to adult court. The age and mental state of the child will be subject to investigation, as well as the injuries to the victim, the relationship with the victim, and the circumstances of the crime. When the investigation concludes, a court hearing will be held to decide if there is enough evidence to try the minor in adult court.
The following are the types of offenses which automatically result in adult court:
- Violent crimes – A minor at least 14 years old can be tried as an adult if they are charged with murder, aggravated murder, voluntary manslaughter, robbery or burglary, kidnapping, or aggravated arson.
- Sex crimes – A child at least 14 years old can be tried as an adult if they are charged with rape or sexual assault.
If a minor has had previous stints in juvenile detention for any of the crimes mentioned above, then his/her case will be held in adult court.
What Do I Do If My Child Was Charged with a Felony in OH?
As Cleveland parents, we all care deeply out the health and welfare of our children. Few things can be as horrifying for a parent than having their child charged with a felony. If your child has been charged with a felony, you need to immediately obtain experienced criminal representation for them. If your child is an adult, even though we do not really consider our 18 year olds to be adults, the need is even more pressing.
In the juvenile justice system, a child charged with a felony faces a unique set of challenges that need to be overcome by their attorneys. A child can end up in juvenile detention until their 21st birthday on certain charges. On top of that, a finding of delinquency (the adult equivalent of guilty) can stick with them for the rest of their life-through colleges, employment, etc. It is important that the matter is handled by a skilled attorney.
Advice on Handling Juvenile Charges & Arrests
We pride ourselves on how accessible we are to our clients and to our clients' families. As former prosecutors, we understand that people can be arrested at any hour of the day-or night.
If your child has been arrested or is being accused of a crime, you should take the following steps:
- Immediately consult with a criminal attorney. Do not let your child, if a minor, speak with the police until after you have had the opportunity to speak to someone who practices in this area. Speaking with the police will not help. The police want to investigate a crime and they believe your child participated-nothing your child says will help. As former prosecutors, we understand the techniques the police use in conducting an investigation. It is important to call us if your child has been arrested-even if this is an adult child.
- Invoke your right to remain silent. We all have this right: the right to remain silent. It is second in importance only to the right to hire an attorney to aggressively fight to defend you. The police might try to make you feel guilty about exercising your right to remain silent. They might say that if you are innocent that you should talk to them. The police might yell and scream at you, threaten you with prison if you do not cooperate. These are all bullying tactics used to get a confession that may, or may not, be legitimate.
Call us for a pressure-free, no-cost consultation. If you find yourself facing a situation where your child has been charged, contact our Cleveland juvenile criminal attorneys at (440) 709-8088!
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